Wednesday, 13 March 2019

Hummingbirds and flowers are quick, redwood trees are slow... (1986)


Hummingbirds and flowers are quick, redwood trees are slow, and whole redwood forests are even slower. 

Most interaction is within the same pace level  - hummingbirds and flowers pay attention to each other, oblivious to redwoods, who are oblivious to them.

A Hierarchical Concept of Ecosystems (1986).


Robert V. O'Neill, Donald Lee Deangelis, J. B. Waide & Timothy F. H. Allen

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