Wednesday, 16 August 2017

Moses and the Brazen Serpent and the Transfiguration of Jesus (1683)



HERE is a fantastic time lapse video of the unpacking and hanging of Cristóbal de Villalpando's Moses and the Brazen Serpent and the Transfiguration of Jesus at the Met. The installation of the 28-foot-tall painting took five days.




Genome re-sequencing reveals the history of apple... (2017)


A paper HERE on the complex history of how the domestic apple developed along the `silk road' trading routes. 

The abstract reads:

Human selection has reshaped crop genomes. Here we report an apple genome variation map generated through genome sequencing of 117 diverse accessions. A comprehensive model of apple speciation and domestication along the Silk Road is proposed based on evidence from diverse genomic analyses. Cultivated apples likely originate from Malus sieversii in Kazakhstan, followed by intensive introgressions from M. sylvestris. M. sieversii in Xinjiang of China turns out to be an “ancient” isolated ecotype not directly contributing to apple domestication. We have identified selective sweeps underlying quantitative trait loci/genes of important fruit quality traits including fruit texture and flavor, and provide evidences supporting a model of apple fruit size evolution comprising two major events with one occurring prior to domestication and the other during domestication. This study outlines the genetic basis of apple domestication and evolution, and provides valuable information for facilitating marker-assisted breeding and apple improvement.
 

On the Earthshine depicted in Galileo's watercolors of the Moon (1609 / 2017)

A great paper HERE by Paolo Molaro, carefully re-analysing the wash studies that Galileo made of the moon in 1609. The abstract reads:

With the manuscript of the Sidereus Nuncius preserved at the Biblioteca Nazionale of Florence are included 7 watercolors of the Moon painted by Galileo himself. We suggest that some of them, and in particular the drawing of the 30 Nov 1609 of the very first Moon's observations, illustrate the phenomenon of the Earthshine of the Moon, which was discussed in some detail in the Sidereus Nuncius to provide evidence of the similarity of Earth to other celestial bodies. The watercolors were used as models for the engraving of the Moon in the Sidereus but, surprisingly, the secondary light had not been reproduced. Galileo may have decided for the inclusion of the passage on the Earthshine only at a very late stage of the editorial process. Galileo's hesitation shows how contentious was this issue already recognized as a possible discriminant between the different systems of the world.  



Saturday, 5 August 2017

Book of Miracles (1550)



The Book of Miracles is a recently discovered book of apocalyptic Renaissance art. The illustrated manuscript was created in 1550's Augsburg. Taschen have just published an annotated and fully illustrated edition (HERE).


Friday, 4 August 2017

Sir, I exist! (1899)


from War Is Kind (1899) by Stephen Crane (1871-1900)

Friday, 28 July 2017

Example Computer Plots (1980)



From Byte Magazine 1980 (HERE).

Thursday, 27 July 2017

Spontaneous fine-tuning to environment in many-species chemical reaction networks (2017)

HERE is a computer simulation study of how a dilute solution of different `chemical' species can spontaneously begin to capture energy and create non-random structures (cf life).

Abstract

A chemical mixture that continually absorbs work from its environment may exhibit steady-state chemical concentrations that deviate from their equilibrium values. Such behavior is particularly interesting in a scenario where the environmental work sources are relatively difficult to access, so that only the proper orchestration of many distinct catalytic actors can power the dissipative flux required to maintain a stable, far-from-equilibrium steady state. In this article, we study the dynamics of an in silico chemical network with random connectivity in an environment that makes strong thermodynamic forcing available only to rare combinations of chemical concentrations. We find that the long-time dynamics of such systems are biased toward states that exhibit a fine-tuned extremization of environmental forcing.

Tuesday, 25 July 2017

Voyage d'Urien (1928)


Two images from Voyage d'Urien by André Gide, with engravings by Alfred Latour, set in Lutetia by Jan van Krimpen. Published in 1928 by the Halcyon Press, Maastricht, by A.A.M. Stols. Images from HERE.

Monday, 24 July 2017

Open Letter to an Editor on Wood Engraving (1940)


'Each time one looks at the beautiful highly polished surface of a new piece of boxwood one should set out with the thought that one has the whole of one's life in which to make one perfect engraving, so there is no need to hurry. And in actual fact it is not easy to do so. What with the natural limitations of the wood, the fact that one is working in reverse and with white on black, instead of the normal black on white, there are sufficient difficulties to overcome without imperilling any chance of success by working to time.' 

John Buckland Wright,  Open Letter to an Editor on Wood Engraving (1940). 

Image above, the ex libris that John Buckland Wright created in 1932 for the Dutch collector M.B.B. Nijkerk. Image from HERE.

Sunday, 23 July 2017

Joy and Pain (1980)



One of my all time favourite songs: Joy and Pain by Maze Featuring Frankie Beverly. A great piece on their 40 year career HERE. A live version of the track HERE.

Pi is Wrong (2001)


HERE is the seminal paper from 2001 by Bob Palais on why the mathematical constant pi is wrong. Recent adherents of this paper have created a manifesto dedicated to building support for the alternative to pi - tau.
 

Decoding the Enigma with Recurrent Neural Networks (2017)



A fantastic page HERE by Physics under graduate Sam Greydanus on how he has used Neural nets to decode the Enigma machine. 

Image copyright S. Greydanus 2017

Research Debt (2017)


A great article by Chris Olah & Shan Carter on the Distill platform, on the concept of research debt

Achieving a research-level understanding of most topics is like climbing a mountain. Aspiring researchers must struggle to understand vast bodies of work that came before them, to learn techniques, and to gain intuition. Upon reaching the top, the new researcher begins doing novel work, throwing new stones onto the top of the mountain and making it a little taller for whoever comes next. 

Mathematics is a striking example of this. For centuries, countless minds have climbed the mountain range of mathematics and laid new boulders at the top. Over time, different peaks formed, built on top of particularly beautiful results. Now the peaks of mathematics are so numerous and steep that no person can climb them all. Even with a lifetime of dedicated effort, a mathematician may only enjoy some of their vistas. 

People expect the climb to be hard. It reflects the tremendous progress and cumulative effort that’s gone into mathematics. The climb is seen as an intellectual pilgrimage, the labor a rite of passage. But the climb could be massively easier. It’s entirely possible to build paths and staircases into these mountains. The climb isn’t something to be proud of. 

The climb isn’t progress: the climb is a mountain of debt. 

Image and quoted text from Olah & Carter, "Research Debt", Distill, 2017. 
http://doi.org/10.23915/distill.00005.



Thursday, 13 July 2017

Good Morning America (1928)


Frontispiece art by W.A. Dwiggins for Carl Sandburg’s Good Morning America (Crosby Gaige, 1928). From the Dwiggins Twitter feed. 

The Story of Books (2017)




HERE is the website of a new working museum of books, with a physical base in Hay on Wye. The founder Emma Balch says: "My vision was for a working museum with a college-like space, where experts could pass on their skills, working cross-generationally."

   

Wednesday, 12 July 2017

Pentagon Tiling Proof (2017)



A great piece HERE in Quanta magazine on how the French mathematician Michaël Rao has used a computer aided approach to complete the classification of convex polygons that tile the plane by solving the problem for pentagons. 


Le Conte Pear (1901)



A watercolour image of a specimen of the Le Conte variety of pears (Pyrus communis). Painted by Bertha Heiges in 1901. For more beautiful images like this see the vast collection at the USDA Pomological Watercolors collection HERE.


IMAGE: U.S. Department of Agriculture Pomological Watercolor Collection. Rare and Special Collections, National Agricultural Library, Beltsville, MD 20705

Tuesday, 11 July 2017

The Old House at Home (1940)


The American journalist Joseph Mitchell (1908-1996) was one of the outstanding non-fiction prose writers of the USA. Between 1938 and 1964 he worked at the New Yorker creating brilliantly observed profiles of people he met in New York. Between 1964 and 1996 he continued to work at the New Yorker but never wrote another piece again.

One of his most famous pieces is The Old House at Home, first published in the New Yorker in 1940 (HERE). It is a long, brilliantly detailed, and affectionate profile of McSorley's Old Ale House, which opened at 15 East 7th Street, New York city in 1854.

HERE is a recently published, unfinished piece by Mitchell. 

In 2015, a biography of Mitchell called Man in Profile: Joseph Mitchell of  The New Yorker written by Thomas Kunkel was published. A review of the book in the NYRB is HERE.

Image: McSorley's Bar (1912) by John French Sloan.

 

Clockwright (2017)


Rick Hale is a clockmaking artist who lives in Kalamazoo Michigan. He makes fantastic large clocks from wood. His site is HERE.

Artist's Statement
I've learned most of what I know through reading old books on mechanical engineering, clockmaking, physics, & art.

Each of my timepieces is crafted from Michigan hardwoods, brass, & stone over the course of about 400 hours. I make a special effort to pay homage to the best work of the best clockmakers of the 18th century—Especially that of my favorite clockmaker, the legendary John Harrison.

In combining two ancient traditions—clockmaking & woodwrighting—I'm trying to change the way feel & process the flow of time. Time is hard on living things as it passes, surging endlessly out of the future & into the past. We've all felt it. Gentle, silent, ceaseless destruction, the slow, entropic loss of information & physical form. It's why many of us create. It's why we learn, teach, cultivate, persist. It's why we work through the night, rage quietly, methodically, against oblivion. It's why this wood sways again in the light of day, speaks again in the soft, creaking language of trees—alive, despite the wreckage.

Monday, 10 July 2017

Nothing Lasts Forever (1997)



HERE is a great piece in the Guardian on ten of the best songs by Echo and the Bunnymen (aka The Greatest Rock Band of All Time). I first saw Echo & the Bunnymen in 1979, supporting The Teardrop Explodes at Chester Arts Centre. They had just released their first single The Pictures on my Wall. The band had yet to recruit a drummer and were still using a rudimentary drum machine for backing (legend has it that this was Echo).

The list includes Nothing Lasts Forever, my own favourite Bunnymen track (released in 1997 when they got back together after a split, which they called the greatest comeback ever).

I want it now
I want it now
Not the promises of what tomorrow brings
I need to live in dreams today
I'm tired of the song that sorrow sings
And I want more than I can get
Just trying to, trying to, trying to forget
I'd walk to you through rings of fire
And never let you know the way I feel
Under skin is where I hide
The love that always gets me on my knees
And I want more than I can get
Just trying to, trying to, trying to forget
Nothing ever lasts forever
Nothing ever lasts forever
Nothing ever lasts forever
Nothing ever lasts forever

Will Sergeant/ Les Pattinson / Ian McCulloch
Lyrics © Kobalt Music Publishing Ltd.
 

Saturday, 1 July 2017

Pulchritude (2008)

 
Pulchritude

A paradoxical noun because it means beauty but is itself one of the ugliest words in the language. Same goes for the adjectival form pulchritudinous. They’re part of a tiny elite cadre of words that possess the very opposite of the qualities they denote. Diminutive, big, foreign, fancy (adjective), colloquialism, and monosyllabic are some others; there are at least a dozen more. Inviting your school-age kids to list as many paradoxical words as they can is a neat way to deepen their relationship to English and help them see that words are both symbols for things and very real things themselves.

By David Foster Wallace.
The Oxford American Writer’s Thesaurus  2nd Edition

Image from The Book of Spice by Wallace Irwin (1875- 1959) published in 1906 (HERE).

On Revision (2012)


The American writer and literary critic Michael Dirda (b 1948), writes for the Washington Post amongst others. In 1993 he won a Pulitzer Prize for his book reviews. HERE is Browsings, his collection of short pieces for the American Scholar that have subsequently been collected into a volume. There is also a very entertaining piece about his book collecting habits HERE

Below is a small exerpt from a Browsings piece called Books on Books:

These days, The Paris Review has repackaged its long-running series of conversations with authors, and even made them available online. I’m glad for this, and yet the original Writers at Work volumes, especially the first three, possessed a magic all their own. As a teenager, I virtually memorized my paperback editions, greedy for insider tips about the literary life. Pound, Eliot, Hemingway, Faulkner, Colette, Waugh—they were all there. What has stuck with me the most over the years is their almost universal insistence on the importance of revision, of revising and revising again.  

Image of Thomas Burke from The Glory That Was Grub Street (HERE)

Thursday, 29 June 2017

The One Law of Robotics: Humans Must Flourish (2017)


A good piece HERE in the BBC news on the report published today by the Royal Society and British Academy on Data Management and Governance.

Above a two page spread describing the Coelition approach - full report HERE.

Wednesday, 28 June 2017

Madly singing in the mountains (1970).


Arthur Waley (1889-1966) was a fascinating English scholar who made a living from translating classical Chinese and Japanese poetry and literature into English, though he couldn't speak modern Chinese or Japanese and never visited the countries (Bio HERE). 

In 1970 Ivan Morris pubished Madly singing in the mountains; an appreciation and anthology of Arthur Waley. From Intent of Courtesy, a piece by Carmen Blacker in the book:

The feeling that Arthur’s death had taken us into a world where there moved forces and concatenations bigger than those we encounter in our ordinary existence continued when, a fortnight later, I called at the house in Highgate to see Alison. She took me up to the room where he had died. A great peace filled it and I marveled at such serenity in the place where such pain had been suffered. ‘I have changed nothing,’ she said. ‘But that chair by the window wasn’t green, was it?’ I asked. ‘Oh, that,” she replied. ‘Yes, funny how the creeper has come in.’ I looked again. Through the window left open since he died the creeper had burst in like a lion. It had entirely covered the armchair with a thick coat of green leaves. It had flung tendrils across an entire wall. It had seized the long curtain and twined itself tightly round it in a spiral grip from floor to ceiling. It was as though the world of nature had flung itself into the room, and I thought of the swarms of bees which sometimes alight on the graves of saints or the birds which descend at the funerals of great men. That Arthur should have received this oblation seemed entirely fitting.





 

Data Deluge Stamp Collection (2017)


Monday, 26 June 2017

All the Strange Hours: The Excavation of a Life (1975)


I am everyman and no man, and will be so to the end. This is why I must tell the story as I may. Not for the nameless name upon the page, not for the trails behind me that faded or led nowhere, ... not for the confusion of where I was to go, or if I had a destiny recognisable by any start. No, in retrospect it was the loneliness of not knowing, not knowing at all.
 
Loren Eiseley in All the Strange Hours: The Excavation of a Life (1975).

The above piece is cited in a book on Loren Eiseley's "concealed essay" genre of science based writings in Toward a Dialogue of Understandings: Loren Eiseley and the Critique of Science by Mary Ellen Pitts.

More on Eiseley HERE.

Thursday, 15 June 2017

Haboku-Sansui (1495)



The masterpiece of the Japanese monochrome brush and ink artist Sesshū Tōyō.

Artificial Mondrian (1966)



Hiroshi Kawano (1925-1961) was a Chinese born Japanese philosopher who was a pioneer in digital art. There is a selection of his work HERE, and a good piece on him HERE.

Cassini's Lunar Map (1679)


From HERE

Wednesday, 14 June 2017

Architecture without Architects (1964)





The commune of Anticoli Corrado in the Sabine mountains near Rome. From Architecture without Architects, A Short Introduction to Non-Pedigreed Architecture, by Bernard Rudofsky, Academy Editions London, 1964.

Architectual Space As a Network (2012)



A spatial map of Tokyo, from a 2012 presentation given by Dr Kerstin Sailer of UCL (HERE). Caption: Tokyo with its fairly strong centre, strong radials and strong laterals, generating the strong sub-city structure characteristic of Tokyo.

Image Copyright Bill Hillier et al. 

The Trouble With Macroeconomics (2016)

Full paper available HERE.

Tuesday, 13 June 2017

Data Analysis for Politics and Policy (1974)


Below, from the under-used, but excellent, textbook by Edward Tufte:  Data Analysis for Politics and Policy (Prentice Hall: 1974)

One final point about the relationship between causal inference and statistical analysis. Statistical techniques do not solve any of the common-sense difficulties about making causal inferences. Such techniques may help organize or arrange the data so that the numbers speak more clearly to the question of ausality - but that is all statistical techniques can do. All the logical, theoretical, and empirical difficulties attendnant to establishing a causal relationship persist no matter what type of statistical analysis is applied. "There is," as Thurber moralized, "no safety in numbers, or in anything else."

 

Fables for Our Time and Famous Poems Illustrated (1940)


THE FAIRLY INTELLIGENT FLY

A large spider in an old house built a beautiful web in which to catch flies. Every time a fly landed on the web and was entangled in it the spider devoured him, so that when another fly came along he would think the web was a safe and quiet place to rest. One day a fairly intelligent fly buzzed around above the web so long without lighting that the spider appeared and said, "Come on down." But the fly was too clever for him and said, "I never light where I don't see other flies and I don't see other flies in your house." So he flew away until he came to a place where there were a great many other flies. He was about to settle down among them when a bee buzzed up and said, "Hold it, stupid, that's flypaper. All those flies are trapped." "Don't be silly," said the fly, "they're dancing." So he settled down and became stuck to the flypaper with all the other flies.


Moral: There is no safety in numbers, or in anything else.
By James Thurber.  
Originally in The New Yorker 4th February 1939 

Wednesday, 7 June 2017

New fossils from Jebel Irhoud, Morocco and the pan-African origin of Homo sapiens (2017)

An excellent and significant paper in Nature on the latest findings on the early history of Homo sapiens (HERE).

Monday, 5 June 2017

The Grinder (2017)



A short film HERE, about Brian Alcock, the last self employed grinder in Sheffield.

Saturday, 27 May 2017

The Adventures of Jack Engle (1852 / 2017)




HERE is a great piece in the Paris Review on the digital literary scholarship that led to the discovery of a previously unknown Walt Whitman novel by Zachary Turpin. The article includes a fantastic three part categorisation of literary researchers into three types: the archive rats (These chain-smoking, type-A cranks entered an archival collection, knew precisely the evidence they needed, and did everything but ransack the place to find it); the curious browsers (laid-back dreamers with a loosely generalized notion about what they sought.) and the surgical strikers (Soulless but engineered for accuracy.)


 

Friday, 26 May 2017

The Book of Dust (2017)


The Guardian has an extract from Phillip Pullman's new trilogy The Book of Dust (HERE). A treat in store for later this year.

Wednesday, 24 May 2017

Tuning into the god frequency (2017)


An interview in the Guardian with DJ Shadow on his sources of musical inspiration (HERE).

Saturday, 20 May 2017

The Drums are One Instrument. Drumset = You.


A great piece on drum handbooks in The Paris Review HERE.

Wednesday, 17 May 2017

Python: An Ecosystem for Scientific Computing (2011)


This paper (HERE), makes a fairly compelling argument that the Python programming language, and the ecosytem that has developed over the past ten years around it, is now an excellent choice for general purpose professional scientific computing for real world applications.

After spending a few days trying to teach myself Python from scratch, and succeeding, I would agree.

Below. My Coding Life

1981
* I originally learned to write computer code on a Sinclair ZX81 in BASIC.

From 1989 to 1999:

* I learnt how to write macros in Lotus-123.
* I began doing serious data analysis in FORTRAN 77.
* Then graduated to ANSI C.
* I wrote thousands of lines of C for my PhD.
* I learnt IDL in 1998.

Then I had a nearly 15 year hiatus of next to no code writing (but dabbled with R).

* Now I have begun to understand Python. 

Here is a pretty good introduction to scientific computing in Python by Robert Johansson.


Monday, 8 May 2017

The United States: A Graphic History (1937)





The United States: A Graphic History (1937). Text by Louis M. Hacker. Pictorial statistics by Rudolf Modley. Statistical research by George R. Taylor. 

FOREWORD
The United States: A Graphic History is a work in the economic history of the United States; but it is not written for the specialist or specifically for the class room. It has been prepared for the literate adult American in a vocabulary which, it is expected, will not be the despair of those who have not had university educations. Its text is brief - it is not more than 60, 000 worde in length. The visual aids employed, pictorial statistics in this case, are an intergral part of the book rather than simply as illustrative material. Mechanically, the book is everything one might wish; its type-faces are clear and easy to read; the book's bulk is not excessive; and its price is low.

From HERE.


The mechanism and graphic registration of the heart beat (1920)





Figure 22: Photograph of a subject as connected for observation. The two arms and the left leg are used, and curves are taken from the three leads which are represented by the arrows drawn upon the figure. The zinc sulphate is placed in the outer vessels of the electrodes shown in this figure. 

The Mechanism and Graphic Registration of the Heart Beat (1920) by Sir Lewis Thomas. 


HERE.

Figures and Descriptions of the Fishes of Japan (1911)


Figures and descriptions of the fishes of Japan : including Riukiu Islands, Bonin Islands, Formosa, Kurile Islands, Korea, and southern Sakhalin. By Shigeo Tanaka.

HERE

Saturday, 6 May 2017

Makura Bridge over the Sumida River



By Hokusai. From HERE.

Saturday, 29 April 2017

King of Infinite Space (2000)



A great short piece by Pico Iyer HERE on his stay at Tawaraya, a 300 year old traditional Japanese Inn (Ryokan) in central Kyoto.
 

British sea-weeds (1872)


Drawn by Margaret Gatty. Full book HERE.

Wednesday, 26 April 2017

On the Production, Properties, and some suggested Uses of the Finest Threads. (1887)




Image copyright M.G. Reed 2017. Original description of the method of forming very fine quartz fibres from HERE and from Boys' paper in 1887 HERE.

Tuesday, 25 April 2017

The Shell (Conus Marmoreus) - (1650)



Rembrandt -  The Shell (Conus Marmoreus), 1650

Modern Dog Breed Development (2017)


A great paper HERE that uses genomic analysis to understand the large phenotypic variability observed in 160 breeds of modern dogs. 

The abstract:

There are nearly 400 modern domestic dog breeds with a unique histories and genetic profiles. To track the genetic signatures of breed development, we have assembled the most diverse dataset of dog. breeds, reflecting their extensive phenotypic variation and heritage. Combining genetic distance, migration, and genome-wide haplotype sharing analyses, we uncover geographic patterns of development and independent origins of common traits.  Our analyses reveal the hybrid history of breeds and elucidate the effects of immigration, revealing for the first time a suggestion of New World dog within some modern breeds. Finally, we used cladistics and haplotype sharing to show that some common traits have arisen more than once in the history of the dog. These analyses characterize the complexities of breed development, resolving longstanding questions regarding individual breed origination, the effect of migration on geographically distinct breeds, and, by inference, transfer of trait and disease alleles among dog breeds.

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